Alexander the Great defeats Persia under Darius at battle of Issus.
Alexander was the fourth in a line of great men and scholars: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle.
Rome defeats the Etruscan city of Veii after 80 years of war and starts the eventual rise of Rome.
The Etruscans were skilled engineers and craftsmen.
The Greek city of Elis hosts the first recorded athletic games to honor Zeus on the Olympia plain (although the games may have been held for hundreds of years before).
Coroebus, a cook, won the only event - a 192-meter race called the stade to become the first recorded Olympic champion.
Thucydides though, is more direct and rigorous in his writing, leaving out extraneous stories and dubious material.
What possessed the Neolithic people to build such a monument is still unknown.Twenty-six miles from Athens on the plain of Marathon, 11,000 Athenians fight 100,000 Persians.If the Greeks lose the battle, the city of Athens will flee to the hills.Themistocles uses varies ruses to trick the Persians into battle in the narrow straits of Salamis, where the larger, more numerous Persian ships could not use their advantages.and builds upon Herodotus's work of recording history.Darius has leveled the wide plain to allow better use of his chariots and superior numbers.